A Roadmap for Nature-based Solutions in Bangladesh: Promises and Challenges
Nature-based solutions (NbS) are receiving international attention for helping us to adapt to and mitigate the effects of climate change, whilst protecting biodiversity and supporting sustainable development. As such, NbS provide a way to enable economic development without ecosystem loss or damage. Bangladesh has a long history of implementing NbS but has faced challenges due to lack of robust design, long-term finance flows, monitoring and evaluation, institutional structure, and evidence of effectiveness. Sound ecosystems stewardship can help Bangladesh develop, whilst also allowing for widespread implementation of NbS across the country. Thus, better evidence, governance, and coordination is needed for NbS to effectively support development goals and economic growth. This policy brief prepared by the International Centre for Climate Change and Development (ICCCAD) and the Nature-based Solutions Initiative (NBSI) at the University of Oxford summarises the findings on the current scope and the future role of NbS in Bangladesh, in both the development and climate change fields. The purpose is to enhance the understanding on NbS and to develop a roadmap for increasing their implementation in the region, through the establishment of an NbS network which would be based in Bangladesh.